Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 15-20
Review on Plant Diseases Management Through Gene Pyramiding
Yitagesu Tadesse Demissie, Department of Plant Pathology, Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 3, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 23, 2019;       Published: Dec. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijpp.20190302.11      View  188      Downloads  36
Abstract
Plant diseases have caused severe losses to humans in several ways. The goal of plant disease management is to reduce the economic and aesthetic damage caused by plant diseases. The main objective of this review was to understand about a gene pyramiding concepts with principles &application in disease management. Disease management procedures are frequently determined by disease forecasting or disease modeling rather than on either a calendar or prescription basis. Correct diagnosis of a disease is necessary to identify the pathogen, which is the real target of any disease management program. Improving disease resistance in crops is crucial for stable food production. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs), which usually have smaller individual effects than R-genes but confer broad-spectrum or non-race-specific resistance, can contribute to durable disease resistance (DR). Gene pyramiding holds greater prospects to attain durable resistance against biotic and abiotic stresses in crop. Agene pyramiding involves the use of several genes in a single cultivar to provide a wider base of disease resistance.
Keywords
Disease Management, Disease Resistance, Genetically Modified Organism, Gene Pyramiding, Marker Assisted Selection, Molecular Markers
To cite this article
Yitagesu Tadesse Demissie, Review on Plant Diseases Management Through Gene Pyramiding, International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 15-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ijpp.20190302.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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